What to do if you fail your GCSE exams 

fail gcse exam resit

While facing the fact of failing a GCSE exam may be a lot to process, the point is that it’s not the end of the world. Some of the most successful people today like Simon Cowell walked the same path and managed to make it to the top regardless. Well, while there is no way to predict what the future may bring, there are still a few things that can be done before calling quits. Today, GSCE is not as easy as it used to be, and skipping a few lessons can sometimes be the cause of a bad grade. Still, this should not be a deciding factor in continuing the education, and especially not a deciding factor in the future career. 

It’s not the grade you’ve expected, so what? Getting into college is still possible, take a deep breath, and then do what you can. Here is what you should try out. 

1.   Talk to your teacher

Depending on the situation, the number one step is for you to talk to the teacher. Bear in mind they’ll offer you with guidance, and tell you your options. You’re not the first student in the school to get the bad marks or to fail GSCE exam, which means that there is always a solution, and the teacher will give you an insight. You might need to try exam resit or a sixth form, but maybe it can also be solved with an appeal. See what your teacher thinks is the best option, after all, you’re only a student. 

2.   Ask for re-evaluation

While this is only recommended if you’re sure that a mistake had been made, “ a review of marking” is a right way of changing the result. However, be prepared for a grade to go down as well, if something else is found. While re-evaluation is charged, if your class proves to in need of change, you’ll get the money back. The mistakes are common, so if you believe that’s not a level you’ve reached, make sure to consider this step as well. It takes roughly 20 days for you to get a result of re-evaluation, so have in mind that you need to take care of this before you begin studying for a college exam. Also, the whole process is carried on by the school, from the request to the results, so make sure to check with your school during the process.

3.   GSCE Exam Resit

When it comes to resitting, there are several ways you can prove your worth to the college you wish to go to. It can be through school, even though it is limited by the age, which means you can only stay until you’re 18 years old. Exam resit is also a good idea if you’re looking to get a higher mark, but the school is not the only place that offers you this. If you’re more of a flexible student, then studying online is also an option. There is an option of hiring a private tutor. No matter the option you choose, you’ll need to get the permission from the school, and you’ll probably need to pay a fee when taking a GSCE exam as you're considering an external candidate. 

Best places around Notting Hill to buy groceries – meat, fish, fruit & veg

I am a great believer that for optimal learning you need to be careful about what that you eat. A balanced diet is very important. Check out our old post about brain foods here.  

In general, I do my best to eat with the seasons. Where possible, I buy free range, organic and locally sourced produce. These are my favourite places around Notting Hill, Holland Park and Ladbroke Grove to buy groceries. 

Meat

Provenance

portobello butcher provenance

Provenance is a New Zealand company with a friendly bunch of butchers working in the Notting Hill branch.  The shop is immaculate, everything looks appetising and the guys are absolutely passionate about what they do. They are very knowledgeable and are always ready to offer great tips on how to cook your meat, they even run courses. The meat is well bred, grass fed and the farms they get supplies from are carefully selected. They can also deliver to your home. 

Lidgate

Lidgate Holland Park butcher

Lidgate is a 150-year-old business and it is clear why they are still thriving today. They have a huge selection of meat. In addition, they sell other products like eggs, cheese, sides and cakes. Our favourites are the apple sausages and chicken burgers. At the moment they have a special summer selection of barbeque products. They offer free delivery to many West London Post codes. 

Fish

G Piper and Son (Fish stall outside of Tesco Portobello Road)

fish portobello road g piper and son

It always puts me off when I go to a fishmonger that smells strongly of fish, but the fish at this stall is so fresh that it doesn't smell at all. They run out of fish towards the end of the day so go early to avoid disappointment. Tasty, fresh and affordable.

Kensington Place Fish Shop

Kensington place fish shop notting hill

Although the fish here is little on the pricy side, everything at Kensington Place Fish Shop is delicious – a real treat. All fish and seafood is sourced from the British coast and used in the main restaurant next door. 

Fruits, vegetables and other groceries

Notting Hill Farmer’s Market

notting hill farmer's market organic

After a few visits you’ll start to recognise the faces coming here week in, week out. The earlier you go, the better. Expect unpasteurised milk, bread, meat, herbs, salads, fresh fruit and vegetables, pastas, pesto, honey…Every Saturday 9am-1pm.

Organic vegetable stall (Near Joe and the Juice)

There is a stall on the market that only has organic vegetables. Unlike the other stalls that sell all fruit and veg all year round, this stall only has seasonal produce - which I think is great. The produce is from the UK, and the gentleman manning the stall knows his stuff. 

Portobello Wholefoods

portobello whole foods

Portobello Wholefoods has been around longer than I can remember. They have everything a vegetarian or vegan might need to fill your pantry. You can pick up toiletries, teas, grains, dried fruit, supplements and some fresh produce.

Daylesford

Daylesford organic whole foods

Daylesford is an organic farm in Gloucestershire. Their Notting Hill shop is a one-stop-shop for everything you may need for your kitchen and home. Everything is beautifully presented and stylishly packaged.  They also have a lovely restaurant perfect for coffee with friends or dinner that will make you feel happy and wholesome. Clean, stylish, elegant. 

Best 5 websites for kids to learn how to touch type

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Does your child struggle to get the hang of time typing? Or simply just want to be able to work at a faster pace? These issues can be easily  solved with some practice on touch typing web programs. The best typing applications help your kids learn correct finger-to-key movement. Experts understand that it might be a little intimidating for children to look at the whole sea of letters and numbers on the keyboard. To that end, they have come up with fun and inventive ways for students to get to grips with the keys. Some parents opt for typing tutors, some use typing programs. Let us introduce, our 5 favourite touch typing programs that children (and adults) can use.

1.  Typing Club

Typing club is simple and easy to use. The aim is to work your way up to 100 words a minute. There are instructional videos, challenging games and anchoring lessons that ensure that students place their hands correctly on the keyboard. This program trains students to never look down at the keyboard, whilst giving you guidance on proper finger positioning. Can be used by individuals or schools. Available in 9 languages.

2.  Typeracer

Typeracer is a web application that gets typists racing each other, typing quote from books, movies, and songs at speed.  You can practice alone, or you can race other people who have approximately the same speed. If you are of a competitive nature this may be the typing program that will appeal to you. There aren’t any explanations but you can put what you’ve learnt into practice!

3.  Dance Mat Typing

BBC’s Dance Mat Typing is split into four levels of play. Each lesson builds on what you have learnt in the previous lesson, adding new letters bit by bit. There is a small test at the end of every level and a small reward when you've completed each level. This program is pitched at primary school students. 

4. Typing Instructor for Kids 5.0

We like Typing Instructor because of the way it has taken typing to a whole new level, making it super fun and enjoyable for children. The Typing Instructor can be used by children who are as young as six years old. It is also appropriate for children with learning difficulties because of its special features and dozens of graduated typing lessons and games. One of the most outstanding features of the Typing Instructor is the sound features and its unique curriculum that most similar programs do not have. It has sound features that enable you to select sounds that will play whenever your kid strikes an incorrect key. The software also boasts great visual guides and virtual hands that help to teach your kid the correct finger positions and movements. It costs £3 to try for a week.

5. Ratatype

Ratatype is very simple and easy to use. On the website you can do typing tests which give you your word per minute speed. It is also possible to make groups with friends and classmates. 

Make typing a fun and enjoyable experience for your child by installing any of the above typing programs for them. It is helpful to get good typing habits early, so that when students get more computer assignments to do at home, they are ready. The programs are meant to motivate and help your children to become typing gurus who confidently take on challenges  at the keyboard.

How do iPads affect your child's development? 

children iPad development

Photo by Kelly Sikkema on Unsplash

Parents, look back at your childhood. Try to recall how life was before you reached the age of 10.  We all have unique memories and feelings regarding our growing up. There is, however, something that surely doesn’t come to mind – iPads and other electronic devices.   But let’s face it, they have become a part of our lives, whether we like it or not. But, just because times have changed, this doesn’t mean that we have changed as a species. Our biology is still the same, and kids today also need a healthy environment for growing up. Healthy means plenty of sun, physical activity and socialization. An increasing number of  research studies suggest that the most important period of life is from birth until the age of six – that is when the foundation for future development is set. 

So how do iPads fit in this picture?  

Negative Effects  

Speech development  

Perhaps you have noticed that a significant number of youngsters suffer from learning difficulties and difficulties focusing. This may be a linked to an excessive use of smartphones and tablets. According to the scientists from the University of Toronto and The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, 30 minutes in front of the screen increases the risk of delayed speech by 49%.  

Brain development  

Sleep is very important, especially in infants and children. It is believed that the blue screen light disturbs the natural body clock, so the circadian rhythm is disrupted. Every hour of blue light steals 16 minutes of sleep.  

Social development   

Certain research revealed that children who use tablets or computers every day have difficulties in adapting to their social environment and are more likely to have social problems.   

Poor Academic Performance   

Besides the obvious time consummation, the Internet also presents the children with violence and other disturbing images. This content may reflect on poor school performance and academic success.  

Positive Effects   

Like in most cases, there is another side of the story. Many renowned experts in the field of medicine and child development, state that the use of iPads may actually be beneficial.   

Expressing Ideas  

For children who are having difficulties in expressing their ideas with words, technology can be a great tool.   

Developing coordination  

Hand-eye coordination is very important for the strengthening of brain synapses. Games can sometimes be much more than plain fun. Some require strategic planning and excellent reflexes, which certainly benefits the child’s development.  

Making learning fun   

Of course learning can be fun in a simple classroom, but the fact is that children are attracted to smart technology like a moth to a flame. The use of iPads in education is already implemented in many preschools and kindergartens. The teachers say it is an excellent approach in learning enhancement.   

How to Use an iPad correctly?  

If you want to harvest only the positive sides of iPads, you have to be responsible to your child and the time he/she spends in front of the  screen. There is still plenty of research to be done in order to fully understand exactly how much time should a toddler or preschooler should use a tablet. Some recommend that you add a half hour per year of the child, until reaching maximum 2-2.5 hours.   Of course, these are just recommendations. The most important thing is to listen to your child and notice any behavioral changes. iPads are clearly great devices, but also hide many risks. Set up some ground rules and make sure you set a good example to your child.

Top 10 online learning resources/games for primary school students

online resources learning app

The world so tech savvy and so are the younger generation. There are numerous websites and apps available which provide useful online resources for students to exercise their brains, makes learning interesting and fun. It’s always worth finding new creative ways to get kids learning, seeing things they learn at school from a new perspective. Students can consolidate information without becoming bored, or tired of studying. It's also a great way to keep the brain ticking during the summer holidays. 

Here are our top 10 websites providing online resource for primary school students: 

Manga High

Manga high complies with UK National Curriculum standards and offers short revision oriented games where students can revise by topic and gain medals. It’s very well balanced in terms of the games being fun and good maths practice. My students have always found it a pleasure and never a chore. 

Bofa

I really enjoy using Bofa with my students. Bofa provides great analytics, highlighting any area that may need to be revisited. It’s simple to use and provides great in depth preparation for the 11+ common entrance exams. It’s created by teachers and usually produce a 25% improvement, from when students start using the program. It’s easy for teachers, parents and tutors to keep track of progress. Free trial after which it costs around £7.99/month.

Edplace

Edplace can be used by children 5 years of age to 16 years of age. The cost of subscription is £15/month or £99/year for the three core subjects. A 14 day trial service is also available for £1. Worksheets created by teachers having over five years of experience are provided to students for the core subjects- English, Science and maths. A parents’ dashboard is available to monitor your kid's performance and a progress report is also sent every week. 

Education city

It is suitable for children between 3 to 12 years old. A 12 month subscription costs £29.95 per child. However, a free trial for 10 days is also available. Interactive games are used to teach kids maths, english, reading and Science. 

Homework Elephant

Homework Elephant is a great website for primary school students as well as students who are 13 +. The website claims to contain more than 5000 online learning resources. It also links you with other sites that carry the information you are searching for. 

Academic Skill Builders

This website is made for students who are 6+. You don’t have to subscribe to this website for access to the educational game site. They can create temporary IDs and play subject related games. The games are interesting and very informative. 

Mathletics

Mathletics is for children between 4 to 18 years of age. A 48 hour free trial period is provided after which the subscription costs 59 pound per year for each child. Live mathematics is an interesting feature of this website where kids from all over the world compete with each other. 

NASA For Kids

If your kid is a space enthusiast, this website is the best pick for him. It includes latest news about the satellite launches, photos from the space and interviews of astronauts as well. There are many interactive games for kids that will improve their knowledge in this field. 

BBC Bite-size

This website is aimed at children between 5 to 16 years of age and is free to subscribe. Large amount of online resources is available, from nursery to GCSE. Videos and games are used to teach younger kids whereas older children are provided with notes followed by tests to check their knowledge. 

Tassomai

Tassomai is for children aged between 7 to 16 years old. The subscription cost depends upon the course you are taking and no free trial period is allowed. It mainly focuses on teaching children science in an interesting way and weekly progress reports are also provided to the parents. 

Reading eggs

Reading eggs is aimed at children between 2 to 11 + of age. The cost of subscription is £39.95 every year per child but it also provides new users with 2 weeks free trial. It allows children to improve their reading skills by incorporating exercises and activities that suits them individually. It is an ideal website for students who are facing problems in reading in their school. 

With the syllabus of schools and common entrance exams getting tougher each passing day , an extra helping hand to teach children is very appreciated. And these above website are doing exactly that.

6 Great Summer Reads for Teens and Young Adults

teen read summer holiday

Photo by Bethany Laird on Unsplash

As the exam season draws to a close, it's an important time to start thinking about how you're going to spend the summer months ahead. Maybe you have been fuelled through exams with plans of going away or a little sunshine, but an easy break from everything is a brilliant book. And we've compiled a handy list of some of the most popular young-adult reads:

1. The HarryPotter Series by JK Rowling

These series ranked as the most favorite among teens. The series chronicles the amazing adventures of Harry Potter and his friends who are well schooled in the art of magic and wizardry. The plot is invariably centered on the Hogwarts School of Magic. It is here that Harry and his bosom friends Hermione and Ron have to master the art of magic. Their goal is to ensure that they defeat the evil being perpetrated by Voldemort and his evil batch of Death Eaters.

The writer masterfully weaves the story in a very interesting manner. Any school going teen will find them enjoyable after the grueling A Level and GCSE exams.

2. The Fault in Our Stars by John Green

Hazel is on the verge of death because of cancer.
Fortunately, a medical miracle happens. Her tumor is held in check, and she is thus guaranteed a longer lease in life. However, the quality of her life hardly improves and she knows that show is on the final leg of her life. A twist of fate brings Augustus Waters in Hazel’s life. With his appearance at the Cancer Kid Support Group, Hazel’s story completely changes.

Teens will find this story quite riveting. They will be able to identify very well with the characters and themes used in the book.

3. The Hunger Games Series by Suzanne Collins

The setting of the story is in future North America, which is in ruins and derelict. The main character is a teenage girl called Katniss Everdeen. She decides to travel to the corrupt capital to participate in the unforgiving Hunger Games. Here she is expected to fight to the death, in a battle in which the future of humanity is at stake.

The creativity that the writer has invested in creating the events is simply fantastic. The series has employed a high degree of suspense. The teen will remain glued to the books as the events move to a cataclysmic finish.

4. The Hobbit by JRR Tolkien

The story revolves around Bilbo Baggins. He is a peaceful hobbit who lives with some level of comfort in his hobbit dwellings. Nothing much happens in his life. That is until Gandalf, a wandering wizard, appears and assigns him a task that changes his life forever. He has to travel on a roller-coaster adventure that is marked by peril.

Tolkien is a master storyteller, and the pupils will find his style very appealing.

5. Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury

This summer read tells the story of a dictatorial regime
that is set in the future. The government has outlawed books, and firefighters are ordered to hunt and burn any written material. Seeing the value in books, one firefighter decides to go against the dictators. This sets him on a collision course with the government, in which there can only be one outcome.

The choice of characters makes the book a great summer read for teens.

6. The Book Thief by Markus Zusak

The story is set in Germany during the Second World War. Hitler’s 'Final Solution' against the Jews is at its height. In the midst of these horrors Liesel, a teenage German girl, turns to book stealing and storytelling to provide for her family and her neighbors. The suspense in the story is based on the fact that Liesel’s family is hiding a Jewish man. The dreaded Gestapo is moving from house to house looking for hidden Jews...

The story is so well crafted that your pupils will be glued on it to the very last page.

Like youth, summer is not permanent. However, the choice of
what we read over the summer holiday can have a lasting impact in our lives. When the school bell rings to mark the start of the holiday, be sure to read one of the above six great summer read.

LANGUAGES ON THE GO – the golden trio of language learning apps

 Photo by  rawpixel  on  Unsplash

Photo by rawpixel on Unsplash

Learning a new language is for some a necessity, for others, sheer enjoyment or a desire to touch up on your language skills from when you were at school. Gone are the days of listening to audio tapes in the car on the way to work and reciting what you hear. Technology has provided us with a host of applications for learning new languages, right from your phone, this makes learning more fun and intuitive, not to mention easier!

There are many apps in the market designed for different comprehension levels, so be careful in selecting the right one for you. Widening your vocabulary is vital for the control of language, but also ensure you find the right app to learn grammar or practice conversation. Here are some of the best apps available in Android and iOS for learning new languages.

DUOLINGO 

This has to be the most popular language learning app around at the moment, placing the learners in control of their 5-20 minute daily session. The ability to track progress means people find themselves improving swiftly. Well designed, the user interface is easily accessible and it’s completely free. Small specific lessons with defined topics are supported with both audio and visual learning methods. 

BABBEL

This is based on the traditional style of bitesize chunks of information, as well as decent speech recognition. It’s strong classroom approach, with ‘lessons’ lasting 10-15 minutes, suits some but not everyone, however it is full of important content. It is widely accessible, for both amateurs and experts, offering a range of words and phrases to choose from. It focuses majorly on conversational learning which is not only fun but extremely effective. The app starts with basic conversational subjects and logically progresses into complex sentences. It allows the users to download the lessons for offline leaning, costing about $5 to $10 per month for full access to the subject materials.

MEMRISE

A clear structure means this app is perfect for beginners. It’s the ideal app for fun vocabulary practice, allowing users to learn through memes and games, which help with remembering new words. This app is a communal space, anyone can add memes, so the user doesn’t feel so isolated in their language learning. It specifically challenges users through mnemonics and space repetitions.

 

How to Celebrate the End of Your Exams

celebrate end of exams

You have been burning the midnight oil for a few months now, but exams have come and gone; a weight has been lifted off your shoulders. Now is not the time to worry about the outcome. It is time to enjoy yourself; you deserve a reward after all your hard work. So relax, let your hair down, get hold of your friends and family and celebrate. Here are a few things to do in London:

1. Attend a Music Festival

You’ve probably missed out on all the action whilst prepping for exams. But now you won’t have to miss another festival. Head out to the All Points East at Victoria Park, which started on the 25th of May and will come to close on 3rd June. There’s still time to catch acts from 1stto 3rdJune; you can enjoy hard-hitting rock music from Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, then jiggle away to The National and finally bring the house down with Catfish and the Bottlemen. The three-day concert ticket goes for £169.95. You can also opt for the one-day concert ticket for £59.95.

2. Experience a Zip-line

If you’re an adrenaline junkie, then this is your kind of fun. Zip Now at Archbishops Park, Lambeth, is the fastest and longest zip line in the world, at 225 meters long! After climbing ten flights of stairs to the starting point, 35 meters above the ground, you are clipped onto the wire and push yourself off. The exhilarating rush of wind as you glide along the line will give you enough adrenaline for the rest of the year. And that’s not even the best part. At the end of the zipline, you have the option of dropping the whole 15 metre length, but if you’ve had enough by then you can walk down another flight of stairs to the ground. This amazing experience will only cost you £25. So get your ticket and enjoy the adventure of a lifetime.

3. Watch A Football Match

Have you ever heard of Conifa? It’s the world cup of nations that are not recognized by FIFA. And it’s coming to the UK. Why not watch a mini world cup before the real world cup? For only £10, watch countries like Ella Vannin and Barawa put their best foot forward, literally. Catch the action at Sutton and other venues between May 31st and June 9th.

4. Seaside Day Trips

All the hours of cramming and studying left you no time to enjoy the beautiful world around us. You didn’t even realize the change in seasons. Now get your bathing suit and sunglasses because it’s time to head to the beach. And the best part? There are a variety of options to choose from, all less than two hours away. You can visit Broadstairs Kent, East Sussex or even the Isle of Wright, with just £60 for the trip and some food. 

What to do on your study breaks?    

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Although most university students have finished their exams, GCSE and A-Level students are still in the thick of it.

Can you not help but feel petrified with the thought of studying non-stop for extended periods of time? Studying for your exam may be tough work, but doesn't have to be dull. A great study break is the key to making the best use of your time. Be it an hour-long break, or a ten minute pause; we've compiled a list of fun ideas to blow off steam. But before we tell you what you can do, you should know what to avoid at all costs so that you can get back to studying efficiently.   

Do not do the following on a study break      

1)Do not surf the internet or watch TV: This might be exactly what you want to do, but believe us, it won’t relax you. It is important that you can go back to studying with full focus, which is only possible when you give your eyes some much needed rest.  

2)Do not binge on junk food or food with high sugars: High amount of carbohydrates, which are present in most junk food, make you lethargic and stop you from feeling active enough to return to work.  

3)Do not sleep for more than 20 minutes: Taking a short power nap is a good idea. However, it is not advisable to sleep for a longer duration if you immediately want to return to studying.  

4)Do not eat a lot: Do not take a heavy meal while on a revision break for your exams. It will instantly make you drowsy and prevents you from giving 100% in the following study session.    

 

Now, we have a few suggestions of ways to take a break that allow you to return to studying with your full potential. You can choose the ones based on your interest.    

1)Have a dance party: Turn on your music and make some moves. It will help you break the monotony of working and feel rejuvenated. Ensure to put on some calming yet energetic music that doesn’t make you feel low.  

2)Sketch, Colour or Paint: Doing something that is close to one’s heart instantly relaxes you and makes you feel good about everything. Keep some colours and other material handy, so that you don’t waste time searching for it.  

3)Take a power nap: Who doesn’t love sleeping? Take a short rest for 15-20 minutes to relax your mind, body and soul. You'll wake up wanting to give your best. But do remember, if you overdo this activity, you'll wake up feeling grumpy.  

4)Call a friend or Meditate: Chat with a friend and talk for a few minutes. It is good to speak after silent study sessions. If you don’t enjoy talking, it is good to close your eyes and meditate for a while.  

5)Prepare your favourite meal: Cook a simple healthy meal that will give you much-needed energy and improve your concentration.    

If you take care of the above, you are sure to have a productive day of studying. Remember, to take help from experts if you are not confident in any subject.

Are GCSEs worth UCAS Points and do Universities look at your Grades? 

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With all this work going towards GCSEs and A Levels, the majority of students and parents want to know how GCSEs contribute to the university application process in the UK.. Here, I will provide you with a simple explanation. 

 

What Are GCSE Grades?

GCSEs (General-Certificate of Secondary Education) are subject-based academic qualifications. English and Welsh students study for GCSEs usually in year 10 or 11. GCSE grades usually are predictive results for the university application committee you are applying to, mainly for indication of how well you are predicted to do in A-level or other advanced studies in their schools. 

For example, five B grades and five C grades at GCSE would translate to a predictive CCD grade at A-level studies. Meanwhile, straight A grades in GCSEs could translate as a suggestion that AAA at A-level.   Some universities require at least one A grade in a particular subject at GCSE for you to be able to attend A-level or other advanced studies. If your GCSE results are lower than a C you may not be able to continue that subject at A Level. For this reason, it is best to be aware of your GCSE grades while applying for specific A-levels.  A lot of universities want to see at least a C grade in English if you wish to study there, no matter what course you're applying to do. Some universities are asking for certain GCSE grades in specific subjects. However, if you are disappointed at your GCSE grades, you may still be accepted to a university you wish to attend. Some committees look for an excellent AS-level performance and may accept the student with one even if he or she has disappointing GCSE grades. Don’t forget to explain the context in your personal statement when applying, if this is the situation.  

Please note, since the reforms in 2014 AS Levels are stand-alone qualifications and do NOT contribute to the A-Level grades. This means that many schools don’t offer AS Level qualifications, and they prefer to stick to the A Level curriculum and have one final exam at the end of year 12.. 

 

What Are UCAS Points?

UCAS points allow universities to be able to compare points that are indicating different qualifications set by UCAS points tariff. Around a third of the courses are known to make reference to the tariff. It is noteworthy to include that not all of your qualifications gain UCAS points. In fact, in a lot of the cases, only the top level achievements are counted.  The general scope of qualifications that attract UCAS points is quite vast. For this reason, a student’s UCAS points will depend on a lot of variables and are highly contextual. With this in mind, it is essential to check UCAS’ list to learn precisely what your score is.  

 

So What Is the Relation Between Them?

Both GCSE grades and UCAS points are valuable things to consider for selection committees. However, there is hardly any relation between them. GCSE grades are not worth any UCAS points. And UCAS points do not affect GCSE grades. A-level, AS Level exams and IB diplomas are the essential for UCAS points as well as case dependent qualifications.  GCSE grades, on the other hand, are useful for you to eliminate courses and select where to apply to with better knowledge. Selection committees use GCSE grades as predictive scores that give suggestions on your potential in A-level or other advanced studies.  So for that reason, you should be aware of your GCSE grades and where you can apply, while also checking UCAS to see if your qualifications attract UCAS points or not and to what degree.

Am I entitled to GCSE Special Considerations and Rescheduling?

GCSE special consideration and reschedule

The Joint Council of Qualifications (JCQ) which is the main body that is concerned with administration and assessment of GSCE exams in the United Kingdom; has come up with various measures to ensure fairness to all candidates sitting the exam. Some of these include giving disadvantaged students special considerations and rescheduling examinations when they feel the environment will not be conducive. It is important for the students and parents to have an idea of when it is possible for students to get special considerations and reschedule their GCSE exams.  

 

Who is eligible for special considerations?  

The Joint Council of Qualifications gives directions on which candidates should be eligible for special consideration and must be applied for following a specific examination series. Candidates who are eligible for special considerations must have prepared and covered the whole of the syllabus but fail during the performance of the GCSE assessment. This could be due to the following adverse circumstances not under their control.  

- A Candidate's illness, accidents and injuries during the GCSE assessment should make the candidate eligible for special consideration.  

- If a case of domestic violence during the assessment of the GCSE exams occurs, a candidate can request special consideration as a result of trauma suffered. 

- Events that are accidental and the fault of the exam supervisors or administrators such as being given the wrong GCSE exam material during the assessment.  

- A candidate is eligible for special consideration if they suffered a disturbance during the exam assessment eg. Where a candidate or a supervisor may be using a recorded material in the examination room.  

- If a student is participating internationally in a recognized competition during the duration of GCSE assessment, they can request the exam body to have them in line for special consideration.  

 

Who is not eligible for special considerations?  

The Joint Council for Qualification states clearly that a student will not be eligible for special consideration if the preparation or the performance of the GCSE exams is affected by any of the following reasons;  

- Illness for a very long period of time or some difficulties during the covering of the course and preparation of the GCSE examinations.  

- Learning problems that might be associated with permanent disabilities. eg. blindness  

- Bereavement which could have occurred more than six months prior to the assessment of the GCSE examinations.  

- Any minor domestically associated inconvenience, like moving house, lack of sufficient facilities, just around the period of the assessment of the GCSE examinations.  

- A disturbance that is not major in the GCSE examination room caused by fellow candidates or exam supervisors, eg. the mobile phone ringing in the room.  

- If a candidate makes a mistake of not taking the GCSE examination due to alcohol or drug abuse. 

- If a student fails to attend the GCSE exam because of having a misleading timetable. 

 

When can the GCSE examinations be rescheduled?  

Though its relatively hard for the GCSE assessment dates to be rescheduled, there are certain major reasons that the Joint Council for the Qualification has set in order to have them rescheduled. 

These include:  

- The GCSE exams can now be postponed to avoid the clashing with important celebrations or events such as the Islamic holy month of Ramadhan. It was claimed by the Muslims candidates in the past that most of them could not comfortably tackle the exams since they were on fasting period of the month.  

- In case of terrorist attacks, eg. bombing of schools and colleges or their vicinity, the Joint Council for the Qualification's board, sits down and comes up with ideas on whether or not the exams will be shifted to a new date. 

As educators we want all our candidates to perform excellently at their GCSE exams, given the importance GCSEs have on their futures. It is the best to be aware of instances so that students and parent can take appropriate measures. This goes a long way in helping students prepare well for this great task ahead.

How to Write a Speech - English GCSE Exam

How to write a speech English gcse

A speech is simply an official verbal presentation that is meant to achieve a certain goal. The aim of making a speech or even writing one, could be to convince the target audience to buy your idea or even pay attention to your subject of discussion. In an exam setup, an examiner might ask you to write a speech on a particular topic, or you could be asked to imagine yourself being a leader and you need to give a speech on a particular subject. Here are a few tips to help you score top marks in your GCSE English exam.  

Have a good opening statement.  

Always begin writing your speech in a way that is catchy. An introduction that will captivate your target audience. A good opening statement is fairly brief. Introduce yourself to the audience, mention in brief, concise points what you will be talking to them about.   

Use very good English

Good English is mandatory for your examiner to give you good marks. One way to make sure that you write using fewer mistakes is having fairly short sentences. Avoid very long sentences. Ensure that you have topic sentences for each paragraph. Each paragraph should be structured to discuss a different point. 

Remember to use 1st person

When writing your speech, always ensure that you write using the 1st person. This means, use “I” as you write. However, you can involve the audience and use “we” where it is necessary. Address your audience directly as if you were actually talking to them.  

Use persuasive language

Your tone of writing should be informal and persuasive. You need to be convincing enough for the audience to even listen to whatever you have to say. In a writing exam, express yourself I the most persuasive way you could, imagine you were actually facing the examiner.  

Focus on the topic

When writing a speech in an English exam, always stay focused on the topic you have been asked to write about. Never derail from the subject of the speech you are writing. This will make you lose marks.  

Some of the language techniques that you can apply include the following:  

Rhetorical questions

Use rhetorical questions to make your speech captivating. This will also be useful in making the audience to think and hence attentive.  

Use repetition

Repetition is for emphasis. Repeat your theme or whatever main point that you have until it becomes memorable.  

Write using emotive language

Use contrasting words and phrases.  Use the list of three. The human brain easily remembers things in three’s. 

Writing a good speech is fairly simple, all you need is practice, practice and more practice before sitting for your GCSE English Exam. 

The following acronym might help you remember some of the points we have discussed and help you score highly in your English exam. 

P-ersonal anecdote. Use personal anecdotes in your speech to make it catchy and interesting. E-motive language. R-hetorical questions. F-acts that are real. E-xaggeration C-omparison T-one of voice that is persuasive.

PERFECT!

Are GCSEs and iGCSEs the Same?

are GCSEs and igcses the same?

In the UK there are two main qualifications that are used for students who are 15/16 years old. These are the iGCSE and GCSE qualification. There are UK schools that use then interchangeably but a high number of parents are always asking to know the differences that exist between the two. Here are a few points that seek to explain the difference that exists between these two major qualifications in the UK.   

Similarities  

GCSE and iGCSE are similar in a number of ways. These two qualifications are level as they were designed to check a student’s completion of the “Key Stage 4” of the national curriculum in the UK. Both are done after the completion of the UK Year II when a student attains the age of 16. However, there are no age restrictions on the above as they have been sat by students who were older or younger in the past. A high number of employers and education institutions view both as equal qualifications.   

GCSE  

GCSE is traditionally studied in UK schools over a period of two years. There are some schools that allow their students to complete it in a year but this is not common. GCSE exams are usually sat in the month of June and those who do not pass get another chance to do their re-sits in November of every year. This qualification is often linear and students cannot be enrolled at any time of an academic year as the coursework is normally submitted all through the year.  

iGCSE  

iGCSE was formally introduced about 25 year ago in order to give overseas students who did not have English as their first language a chance of sitting for the exam. The biggest difference between these two forms of qualifications is the lack of coursework for those who take iGCSE. This makes it possible for students to join at any given time without worrying about the submission of coursework. 

The iGCSE is becoming more popular in the UK due to a number of reasons. First, there is an increase in the number of overseas students who do not have English as their first language. Secondly, the exam marking of the GCSE English in the recent past years has greatly contributed to its popularity.   

Differences Between iGCSE and GCSE  

The common question that parents draw from these two types of qualifications remains to be what is the difference between them? Well there are a number of key differences that exist between the two. The iGCSEs have less coursework when compared to the GCSEs. iGCSEs tends to have a few administrative hoops to contend with and this makes them popular with students who wish to prepare for them online. iGCSEs are more challenging when compared to GCSEs and from the time they were launched in 1988, their standard and content have been quite a challenge. The iGCSEs have not been subjected to the same pressures that mark the regular GCSEs to become easier. iGCSE do not have their marks recorded in the UK GCSE League Tables. The GCSEs and iGCSEs offer diverse subjects e.g. iGCSEs are not offered in Ancient Greek or Latin.  

In summary, the difference between GCSE and iGCSE is the lack of coursework. This makes it easier for iGCSEs to study at any time of the year. Apart from this fact, there seems to be no real disparity between the two as most education institutions and employers alike view them as equivalent.

How To Revise For and Ace Your Biology, Chemistry, Physics Exams

Revise of physics, chemistry, biology gcse a level ib exams

 

 

 

 

 

So you’ve spent several years studying everything you need to know to pass your chemistry exam which is now rapidly approaching! However, now it boils down to it you’re starting to panic. Do you really know everything you need to and will you be able to put it down on your exam paper if you do when it comes to it? 

The only way to answer this question is to do some thorough revision. Sometimes though, even the word revision can induce fear in students’ hearts. Where do you start? What should you revise, and how should you do it? Well, fear not, the following is a guide on how to revise successfully.


What should I revise?

In order to know what you should be revising you will need a copy of the syllabus for your exam board. If you don’t have a copy you’ll be able find the specification on their website (for example Edexcel, AQA, OCR.) 

Once you have a copy you should go through it line by line marking the things you need to go over. This may include things like:
• Metals and their uses
• Crude oils and fuels
• Plant oils and their uses
• Changes in the earth and its atmosphere
• Fundamental ideas in chemistry

Highlight the points you fail to remember when you go over the topic. There is no point in learning what you already know!

Be sure to practice examples of the calculations that come up.


Note making

Making notes is absolutely crucial when revising for an exam. You should not, however, copy from your textbook word for word as this only helps you memorise what you have read and not learn it. Writing notes in your own words helps you recognise what you know and what you don’t. 

Follow the syllabus as you revise and make notes, only moving on to the next section when you have fully understood the section you are currently studying. If anything within the syllabus is unfamiliar you can always refer back to your textbooks.

Feel free to draw diagrams, note equations and scribble formulae etc. that make it easier for you to understand your notes. At the end of each section of your syllabus, run through a few practice questions and check your answers. Wrong answers are a good indication that you need to revise an area again. Don’t fret if you don’t get it all right on the first go, every time you go over the bits you have difficulty with, you’ll remember a little bit more.

Flash cards

Flashcards that denote formulas, equations, facts etcetera can prove to be extremely handy when it comes to your revision. These can be displayed to reiterate things you have revised, or you could get friends or relatives to read from them, show you them, in return for you explaining them. 

 
Flash cards are also essential for remembering the equations and definitions that you will need to know. If you do not know these basics you will lose marks on your exam paper.


Sitting past papers

Most importantly it is recommended that you sit old papers as part of your revision. Aim to do all of them by the exams come around. There are only so many possible questions for them to ask! If a question comes up in several past exam papers, chances are it could be in yours. Past papers are a fabulous way of training your brain to think the same way as the examiner.  Furthermore, they give you a good idea what to expect in your actual exam. 

Always time yourself when sitting an old paper as in actual exam conditions you will be timed. Also, you should make sure you always write down your answers and don’t complete the exam mentally. This will help you when checking your answers to see where you have gone wrong with any incorrect ones. It will also indicate areas that you need to do more revision. In your actual exam showing your workings are extremely important and you may lose marks if you do not do so.


Reward yourself

Positive reinforcement equates to confidence and you WILL need to go into your exam with as much confidence as possible. Writing things like “pass’ or a grading such as “87%’ on past exam papers you complete will give you a sense of great achievement. Keep track of your scores and watch your marks get higher and higher.

 

How To Revise For GCSE, A Level And IB Exams

GCSE, A Level and IB revision

When it comes to exam revision for GCSEs, A Levels and IB exams, you need to first have a lot of will power and determination, especially if you're aiming to get top grades. When you're studying, it is worth finding the ways that work for you, methods that can help you train your brain to remember more information with ease. Below are some tips and techniques to help you get higher marks in your GCSE, IB and A Level.

1. Practice By Using Past Papers
If you're looking to get good grades and feel confident going into the exam room, you should definitely try practise past papers. Make sure you have done all of the practice papers available by the time your exams come round. Former GCSE students claim that the main reason why they succeeded is because they practiced a lot of questions. There are only so many variations of questions on the same topic, so if you’ve done them all then you are less likely to get a nasty surprise. You will also become more familiar with the question style, time pressure and the format of the exam.

2. Create A Timetable To Help You In Your Revision
A revision timetable is actually very important and helps you save time. It also helps you identify various subjects you need to prioritise so that you can succeed in your GCSE, A-level and IB exam. Below is an example on how you should allocate time to various subjects. Put your exam dates in your calendar and work backwards to create your revision timetable.
- Maths 57 hours
- Biology 17 hours
- Physics 41 hours
- Languages 48 hours
- History 24 hours
- Geography 32 hours

Some subjects may need more attention, but don’t neglect the subjects you’re doing well at. They give you a good opportunity to get some high grades.

3. Take Breaks When Studying
You should never force yourself to study. When you begin to feel tired or stressed, it’s your brain telling you to take a break. Studying with your full focus and attention takes a lot of brain power. Take a step away from the books and return after 10 minutes of doing something completely different.

4. Adapt To Different Subjects
You should never use the same method to study all subjects. Exam revision for GCSE, A Level and IB requires you to adapt and acknowledge that each subject is different in its own way. Each subject presents a unique challenge that should be dealt with in a different way.

If you're preparing for a German, French or Spanish exam, consider using flashcards. Flashcards can also be used in various science subjects. If you're looking to improve your math skills, consider taking an online quizzes frequently. When revising for an English exam, consider using mindmaps.

5. Try To Understand Your Learning Style
Each person has a unique style of processing information and there is no single method that works for everyone. You need to understand whether you are a writing, reading, auditory or visual learner. Experiment with different methods early on. You’ll notice that there might be a peak time where you care most engaged and can retain the most information.

6. Work With Your Classmates
If you find it difficult to grasp a particular subject like Geography, then consider seeking help from some of your classmates. You can also try to divide the study notes among your classmates so as to try and minimize the workload. Practice explaining concepts to each other. If you can teach it, you know it!
Sharing notes or resources is the best way to revise and within a short period of time, you'll be able to grasp most of the important concepts that used to give you headaches.

Good luck!

How Exercise Improves Your Brain And Helps You Study

exercise improves your brain and study

Not only can you keep your brain in shape with reading and school work, but like your muscles, your brain benefits from daily physical exercise. Mental tasks keep the connections in your grey matter sparking and active, but you probably didn’t know about - or highly underestimate – the positive effects a solid session of cardio and bench pressing can have for your brain.

Ever go on a long walk, and have a sudden idea or epiphany occur to you? That might have been because your body and brain were actively working together, helping you to solve a problem. You can have many more moments like that if you participate in extracurricular activities that involve physical exercise.

As your heart rate goes up, it pumps more blood into the brain and powers it with more oxygen. When the heart and muscles are working at a high capacity, they release hormones that run up to the brain and feed it. This helps the brain grow more cells.

Brain cells can only grow or make new connections - they are some of the only cells that cannot divide and reproduce. That’s why it’s so important to take care of the ones you have!

Neuroplasticity is your brain’s ability to rewire and modify its connections. It’s the very reason why we can mentally grow, learn, mature, and retain memories. Exercise heightens this process by stimulating the growth of connections throughout critical regions of your
brain. In fact, physical activity can delay the onset of Alzheimer’s and can improve cognitive function for patients with mild cases.

Physical activity has such a strong impact on brain performance, many people take up jogging for the “runner’s high” that reduces levels of stress hormones as effectively as anti-depression medication. Once you start a lifestyle of exercise, you just might become an addict!

A study from Stockholm further demonstrates how running not only combats depression, it causes the cells in the hippocampus to grow - the brain region that lets us learn and retain memories.

How to use exercise to help you study

You can see changes in your mental abilities as soon as you drop the weights or step off the treadmill sweating and panting. A study from The Department of Exercise Science at the University of Georgia shows us that it takes only 20 minutes of moderate body motion to produce demonstrable results for increased memory retention and improved information
processing.

Here are the best physical exercises for your brain:

- Aerobic exercises that work the heart and lungs, such as jogging, swimming, or cycling, for extended periods of time increases the amount of oxygen to your brain; it also produces proteins that strengthen the brain’s information processing capacity.

-  Exercise in the morning before school or work - the brain has just received a replenishing rest, and once physical activity has driven up brain activity, you’ll have better focus to
study and tackle complex problems the rest of the day.

-  Use circuit training exercises at the gym - they put your body and brain through intense endurance exercises, driving up your heart rate and redirecting your focus.

-  If you don’t like the gym and you think exercise is a waste of time, try dancing or martial arts - both require heavy physical and mental involvement, and will heighten your cognitive
strength more effectively than a regular workout routine.

Before you study or begin an assignment, take twenty or thirty minutes to clear your mind with a jog around the neighborhood or some kickboxing. If it’s late afternoon and you’re feeling tired, a quick round of pushups or jumping jacks will awaken the heart and provide a boost of mental energy.

The Education System - Broken or Obsolete?

One of our biggest missions here at Love Learning Tutors is to evolve and improve education in the UK, and positively impact the lives of 1 million students.

The current education system isn't broken... it's just obsolete.

We've been through it ourselves, so we know how it was back then. And having students who are part of it today, it's clear to see how little it's developed. The system and methods have stayed pretty much the same for decades now and although it may have been beneficial 50+ years ago, it isn’t proving as beneficial in this day and age.

In fact, the increase of pressure and workload being put on students is proving highly problematic, causing a rise in mental health issues amongst other things, such as lack of engagement and unwanted behaviour.

Although I wasn't entirely interested in all my school subjects, I was still a top student and I chose to carry on studying long after I had finished my formal education.
The things I've learnt since (in the real world, through mentors and through books), have proven essential to my success and happiness in life. But these things were never taught to me in school. And this is still the case today.
For us, this must to change. And so we’ve creatively weaved and incorporated these insights and nuggets of wisdom into our methods of tutoring and the knowledge we impart on our students.

Jay Shetty, 30 years of age, is an Award Winning Host who used to be a Monk. Currently partnered with National Geographic and Huffpost, he has a mission of making wisdom go viral. And he’s doing amazing with over 1 billion views on his videos to date.

His recent video may shed some light on this important topic...

 
 

We notice there are a lot of people complaining about the education system in the UK. And a lot of people are talking about wanting it to change. At Love Learning Tutors, we are taking it into our own hands and initiating change within our company, with the intention of a wider spread effect down the line in schools across the UK.

If you have any comments on what you’d like to see in the UK education system, please do send us an email with your suggestions and we will go about making it happen.

7 Simple Steps To Manage Exam Stress

exam stress management

More often than not, students find themselves in great distress around the examination period. Over the years, research has revealed that there are various ways in which you can cope with exam associated stress. Some of these ideas may sound very ordinary but have been proven to help students stay calm and prepare better.

Recognise stress symptoms
It is crucial that you recognise the signs of being under stress in order to take action. The symptoms to look out for range from loss of appetite, not sleeping well, forgetfulness, increased stomach pains and headaches among others. If you experience any of these, it may be time to be proactive about managing the situation.

Watch what you eat
Your diet plays an important role in stress management and this is no exception during exam preparation. Eating a balanced diet gets you in a good mood for studying and helps recover the energy lost during the period. Further, you should steer clear of foods that contain excess sugar as they may create mood imbalances. The brain loves good fat! Eat lots of omega-3 rich fish such as salmon and mackerel and dark leafy greens and avocados.

Stay physically active
Taking part in physical activities is a tried and tested way for students to survive exams. Exercise helps clear the mind and boosts energy levels. Therefore, make the the time to go jogging or for a kickabout with your mates when preparing for their finals.

Get enough sleep
Sleeping habits tend to go hand in hand with the level of exam stress a student experiences. It is crucial to get enough sleep to rest your brain and wake up ready to tackle the exams of the day. Make an effort to finish studying early enough so you can get at least 8 hours of sleep before waking up the following morning.

Talk to someone
Find someone to talk to concerning the fear you have and the pressure you are facing during the examination period. You should avoid keeping stress locked up inside. Instead, share your thoughts with your parents, tutors or study partner. This is guaranteed to get that heavy load off your back and will make you feel less anxious.

Organise your study environment
Look for a place that is free from distractions and choose it as your designated study spot. The library is a popular option as it sets the mood for serious studying.

Be your own person
It is important to realise that you have different abilities to those of other students. You should create a study plan that suits you and your unique way of doing things. Don't be tempted to compare yourself with others who may seem to know it all as this may increase your anxiety. You are your only competition, try and improve on your personal results each time.

All in all, the most important thing for any student to remember is that exams come and go and should not spell disaster.

Best of luck!




6 Study Tips For Exam Success

pass your exams

School life is great. You make tons of new friends, join your favourite club or team, go on school trips, and prepare for prom. But then there are exams and everyone, including you, has to sit them.  

IB, A-level and GCSE exams can be quite stressful. The results play a prominent role in your future. If you are preparing for any of these exams, the guide below is a blueprint for exam preparation and revision.


 

Create a timetable

The successful person you admire did not come into success by chance. They sat down and planned long before they saw any signs of progress. This rule applies to exams too. 
Create a timetable that balances your time equally on all subjects. For example, if you are revising for three exams, start with your weaker topic and study it for two hours. This gives you ample time to break it down into bitesize chunks, and will alleviate the stress you feel around the topic. For the other two subjects, take one hour to revise each subject. Just because they come easier to you, don’t dismiss them.

With a timetable, you ensure that each subject gets the attention it deserves.
 


Use mind maps

If you are having difficulty recalling what you studied from your notes, use mind maps to improve your memory. Mind mapping allows you to connect ideas so that you can memorize information easier and faster. The more connected the memory, the easier it will be to recall.
 


Take short breaks

Ever heard of the Pomodoro method? This method of working or studying involves studying for a span of time, say thirty minutes, then taking a short 5 minute break. 
This method has proved to be quite popular among students because the mind remains alert for the entire study duration. No one wants to stare continuously at a book for four hours. It's not productive.


Recognize your learning style

There is no ultimate study method that every learner can use to succeed. We are all different. You need a different strategy from that of your friend to pass your exams. 
There are auditory, reading/writing, and visual learners. Determine what type you are and use this to your advantage. Also, note that some people tend to study better in the morning and others are more productive in the evening. Determine which group you fit in and set your timetable according to what you discover about yourself. 


Collaborate with others and seek help

To excel at your exam, it is of great help to work with a strong team. Be proactive and join a study group. Practice explaining concepts to each other. If you can teach it, it’s committed to your memory.
If there is a part of the revision material you do not understand, you can consult members of your study group, your teacher, online sources or YouTube. We also make tutorial videos, so let us know if there is something you’d like us at Love Learning Tutors to explain.  

 

Study ahead

You might have come across a meme of a guy trying to study for an exam with a ton of books open in front of him. The guy is trying to study for exams that are to start the next day. 
You do not want to be that guy. Studying ahead keeps you prepared. Start studying now and avoid the panic. 


Exams are part and parcel of your school life. They are important. By following the study tips above, you'll be well prepared for your exams when they come round.

 

iGCSE Edexcel Chemistry - States of Matter

Hannah Ogahara explains States of Matter 

Here is The transcription...

Hi, I’m Hannah from Love Learning Tutors and I am here to help you with your chemistry and get you off to a great start. If you get stuck, please check out our videos and see if there is something to refer to. If it is not there, just let us know and comment. Say, “Hey guys, we really want to know this…”, and we’ll be happy to oblige. So to start off with, I’m going through the GCSE, iGCSE Edexcel Specification. The reason I use the spec is in theory, if you can do everything on the spec from top to bottom, you’ll know everything to pass your exams with flying colours and get those 9s.

To begin with, from the tip top, we’re going to start with states of matter. By states of matter, we’re talking about solids, liquids and gases. You might have seen these before, they’re really nice easy marks if you get the question.

Let me quickly explain, in solids the particles are very close and are in a regular pattern. In terms of movement they’re stuck, they can only vibrate in the position they are in.

Liquids, they are a little bit further apart, but still relatively close together. They are random, and they flow (they can move) unlike the solids. This is relatively slow.

Lastly we have gases. They are furthest apart, their movement is also random and they flow more quickly.

As you can imagine, you’ve probably seen with the water example with ice. To go from solid to liquid we need to increase the temperature and give the particles more energy. Solids have the least amount of energy, if we ice more energy (we heat it up), it becomes a liquid. If we give water more energy it will become water vapour, a gas. So with each step, the particles gain energy to turn into the next state.

You might expect to see state symbols in your equations and such. Get used to thinking, in their state, as I’ve seen them in the lab, what do they look like? For example Fe (iron) is a solid at room temperature, water is a liquid, and Oxygen is a gas. Don’t forget that most gases travel in pairs.